David B. Carment, Associate Professor of International Affairs, NPSIA

"Who Intervenes?"
by David Carment, Patrick James and Zeynep Taydas

Takes as a given that there are tensions among ethnic groups throughout the world. But it is not at all clear when and why these tensions escalate into violence. The likelihood and character of intervention depend upon the interplay of two factors: ethnic composition and institutional constraint.
A fourfold typology is produced. For example, states with high constraints and ethnic diversity are likely to intervene only for reasons related to national interests, while states with both ethnic dominance and low constraint are most disposed to intervene. The disposition to intervene is catalyzed, the authors hypothesize, by the presence of ethnic affinity and cleavage.

"Peacekeeping intelligence"
edited by David Carment and Martin Rudner

This book is an edited collection of essays on the emerging new form of intelligence known as Peacekeeping Intelligence [PKI]. This is the based on predominantly open sources of information used to create Open Source Intelligence [OSINT], and it demands multi-lateral sharing of intelligence at all levels. Unlike national intelligence, which emphasizes spies, satellites and secrecy, Peacekeeping Intelligence brings together many aspects of intelligence gathering, including the media and NGOs. It seeks to establish standards in open source collection, analysis, security and counterintelligence and training, and produces unclassified intelligence useful to the public. The challenges it faces are increasingly entwined with arms control, commercial interests, international crime and ethnic conflict. This volume evaluates the role and dynamics of intelligence in peacekeeping activities as well as the challenges, and considers the intelligence role of coalition forces, law enforcement agencies, development institutions and NGOs that have become important in peace-support operations.

"Canada Among Nations 2004: Setting Priorities Straight"
Edited by David Carment, Fen Osler Hampson, and Norman Hillmer

Canada Among Nations, 2004 looks to the challenges of charting a strategic course for Canada in a turbulent and insecure world. Contributors identify the most important areas for effective policy making in the twenty-first century, among them the need to integrate diplomacy, aid, and defence in a world that is increasingly dominated by regional powers, state failure and terrorism. This year's contributors include prominent academics, practitioners, journalists, and members of the NGO community

"Conflict Prevention From Rhetoric to Reality," Volumes 1 & 2
Edited by Albrecht Schnabel and David Carment

Volume 1: "Organizations and Institutions"

Conflict prevention specialists from Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas, with professional experience in regional organizations, the UN and various NGOs and research organizations, argue that, as a concept as well as a policy, conflict prevention is moving beyond rhetorical commitments and symbolic, ad hoc, activities. Institutional, long-term efforts specifically targeted at the prevention of violent conflict have become more than just wishful thinking.

Volume 2: "Opportunities and Innovations"

A critical evaluation of existing and emerging approaches to applied conflict prevention. An international team of practitioners and researchers with rich theoretical and field experience examine the analytical requirements to understand the causes of conflict and link these causes to a range of response options by a variety of relevant actors. They also discuss the newest frontiers of conflict prevention, including the threat of terrorism and the role of the private sector.

"Conflict Prevention: Path to Peace or Grand Illusion?"
Edited by David Carment
and Albrecht Schnabel

Evaluates the institutional record on conflict prevention, identifies current trends in conflict prevention practice, and makes recommendations on improving organizational capacity. This volume brings together a diverse group of individuals involved in conflict prevention activities; scholars from developed and developing countries, and practitioners with insights on the work of regional organizations and the United Nations.

"Canada Among Nations 2003: Coping With the American Colossus"
Edited by David Carment, Fen Hampson, and Norman Hillmer

2003's Canada Among Nations examines the problem of American hegemony from a Canadian perspective. The dilemmas are familiar, but free trade and terrorism have given them an unaccustomed intensity, all at a time when Canadian foreign and defence policy and their makers seem stuck in neutral, unable to sustain past glories, and apparently incapable of fresh thinking.

"Force and Statecraft in Medieval South India and Sri Lanka: Synthesis and Syncretism"
By David Carment

What happens to a community`s ordering of reality when it attempts to redefine its political legitimizing process in terms of its religious orientation? The purpose of this study is to examine this question in the related societies of medieval South India and Sri Lanka.

"Using Force to Prevent Ethnic Violence: an Evaluation of Theory and Evidence"
By David Carment and Frank Harvey

A conceptual framework is developed for advancing basic research on the prevention and management of intrastate ethnic violence. They evaluate theoretical knowledge about the nature of ethnic conflict, using case material and quantitative assessments, and they apply these assumptions against recent instances of conflict management through an in-depth study of NATO''s involvement in Kosovo and Bosnia.

"The International Politics of Quebec Secession: State Making and State Breaking in North America"
(Praeger Studies on Ethnic and National Identities in Politics)
By David Carment, John F. Stack, and Frank P. Harvey

Examines the future of domestic and foreign relations between Canada, Quebec, and their neighbors in the event of a "yes" vote on independence. The possible emergence of an independent Quebec nation-state is approached from the perspective of the study of world politics. As is suggested, this is particularly important because ethnic-based secessionist movements throughout the world now challenge our understanding of the supposed stability of the nation state within geographical regions and even the operation of states within global political and economic systems.

"Peace in the Midst of Wars: Preventing and Managing International Ethnic Conflict"
Edited by David Carment, Charles W. Kegley,Jr., Donald J. Puchala, and Patrick James

The intractable problem of pervasive ethnic struggle -- the defining charactersitic of international relations after the cold war -- is explored. It provides a context for studying potentially violent ethnic conflicts and existing mechanisms to deal with them, evaluates regional and international instruments for conflict prevention, and suggests measures for improving peacekeeping and conflict prevention policies.

"Wars in the Midst of Peace: The International Politics of Ethnic Conflict"
(Pitt Series in Policy and Institutional Studies)
Edited by David Carment and Patrick James

Assembles a diverse array of approaches to the problems of ethnic conflict, with researchers and scholars using theory, comparative case studies, and aggregate data analysis to approach the complex questions facing today's leaders. In light of recent events, this is a book anyone concerned with worldwide violence and homeland security should read.

Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

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