History 3850 Readings
Millennialism

 

JOACHIM OF FIORE

 

THE THREE STATUS

The first of the three status of which we speak was in the time of the Law when the people of the Lord served like a little child for a time under the elements of the world. They were not yet able to attain the freedom of the Spirit until he came who said: "If the Son liberates you, you will be free indeed" (John 8:66). The second status was under the Gospel and remains until the present with freedom in comparison to the past but not with freedom in comparison to the future. For the Apostle says: "Now we know in part and prophesy in part, but when that which is perfect has come that which is in part shall be done away with" (1 Cor. 13:12). And in another place: "Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty" (2 Cor. 3:17). Therefore the third status will come toward the End of the world, no longer under the veil of the letter, but in the full freedom of the Spirit when, after the destruction and cancellation of the false gospel of the Son of Perdition and his prophets, those who will teach many about justice will be like the splendor of the firmament and like the stars forever. The first status which flourished under the Law and circumcision was begun with Adam. The second which flourished under the Gospel was begun by Uzziah. The third, insofar as we can understand from the number of generations, was begun at the time of St. Benedict. Its surpassing excellence is to be awaited near the End, from the time Elijah will be revealed and the unbelieving Jewish people will be converted to the Lord. In that status the Holy Spirit will seem to call out in the Scripture with his own voice: "The Father and the Son have worked until now; and I am at work." The letter of the Prior Testament seems by a certain property of likeness to pertain to the Father. The letter of the New Testament pertains to the Son. So the spiritual understanding that proceeds from both pertains to the Holy Spirit. Similarly, the order of the married which flourished in the first time seems to pertain to the Father by a property of likeness, the order of preachers in the second time to the Son, and so the ‘order of monks to whom the last great times are given pertains to the Holy Spirit. According to this, the first status is ascribed to the Father, the second to the Son, the third to the Holy Spirit, although in another way of speaking the status of the world should be said to be one, the people of the elect one, and all things at the same time belonging to Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Nor is this to be thought contrary to the authority of the Fathers when they speak of the time before the Law, the time under the Law, and the time under Grace. Each one is said to be necessary in its own class.

 

Translated from Expositio in Apocalypsitn. f. 5r—v.