TIMELINES OF SOCIAL HISTORIES


IQALUIT SUBMISSIONS



Residential Schools - Time Line SUBMITTED BY Lena Ellsworth



(Source: information collected by the Aboriginal Healing Foundation)

*The terms "boarding school" and "hostel" were often used to describe institutions built prior to 1923.

Residential Schools in Canada

Frobisher Bay Indian Residential School: Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island; opened 1965; closing date unknown

Chesterfield Inlet Indian Residential School: Chesterfield Inlet; opened 1929; closed 1970; Turquetil (name of residence)

NWT

Yellowknife Indian Residential School (Rocher River Day School); Yellowknife; opened 1948; closed 1970; Akaitcho Hall (name of residence)

Hay River Indian Residential School (St. Peter's Mission Indian Residential School); Hay River; opened 1898; closed 1949

Fort Simpson Indian Residential School; Fort Simpson; opened 1920; closed 1970; Bompas Hall, Lapointe Hall, St. Margaret's Hall (names of residences); combined Roman Catholic, Anglican and non-denominational.

Fort Resolution Indian Residential School; Fort Resolution; opened 1867; closing date unknown.

Fort Providence Indian Residential School (Providence Mission Indian Residential School); Fort Providence; opened 1867; closed 1953.

Fort McPherson Indian Residential School; Fort McPherson; opened 1898; closed 1970; Fleming Hall (name of residence); non-denominational.

Aklavik Catholic Indian Residential School (Inuvik Indian Residential School); Aklavik; opened 1925; closed 1952; Stringer Hall & Grollier Hall (name of residences).

Aklavik Anglican Indian Residential School (All Saints Indian Residential School); Aklavik; formerly in Shingle Point; opened 1936; closed 1959.

Yukon

Yukon Hall; Whitehorse; opened 1956; closed 1965; residence for local day school students.

St. Paul's Indian Residential School (St. Paul's Hall); Dawson; opened 1920; closed 1943.

Carcross Indian Residential School (Chooutla Indian Residential School; Caribou Crossing Indian Residential School; Forty Mile Boarding School); opened as Forty Mile Indian Residential School in Forty Mile (north of Dawson) in 1891; moved to Carcross in 1910; closed 1969.

Baptist Indian Residential School (Yukon Indian Residential School); Whitehorse; opened 1900; closed 1968.
5- Aklavik Anglican Indian Residential School (All Saints Indian Residential School); Shingle Point; opened 1927; moved to Aklavik 1934 due to overcrowding. Nova Scotia

Shubenacadie Indian Residential School; Shubenacadie; opened 1922; closed 1968; first & only residential school founded in Nova Scotia.
Quebec

Sept-Iles Indian Residential School; Sept-Iles; opened 1952; closed 1967 (an alternate name is being researched, Pensionnat Indien de Maliotenam in Maliotenam QC).

Pointe Bleue Indian Residential School; Pointe Bleue; opened 1956; closed 1965.

La Tuque Indian Residential School; La Tuque; opened 1962; closed 1980.

Fort George Catholic Indian Residential School; Fort George; opened 1936; closed 1952.

Fort George Anglican Indian Residential School (St. Phillip's Indian Residential School); Fort George; opened 1934; closed 1979.

Amos Indian Residential School (St. Marc's Indian Residential School); Amos; opened 1948; closed 1965 (an alternate name is being researched, Pensionnat Indien de St. Marc's de Figuery).

Ontario

Wikwemikong Indian Residential School (Wikwemikong Day School; Wikwemikong Manual Labour School); Manitowaning; day school opened 1840; became a residential school in 1879; closed in 1963.

St.Mary's Indian Residential School; Kenora; opened 1894; closed 1962.

St. Joseph's Indian Boarding School (Fort William Indian Residential School); Fort William; opened 1936; closed 1964.

St. Anne's Indian Residential School; Fort Albany; opened 1936; closed 1964.

Spanish Indian Residential School; Spanish; opened 1883; closed 1965.

Sioux Lookout Indian Residential School (Pelican Lake Day School); Sioux Lookout; opened 1911; closed 1973.

Singwauk Indian Residential School (Wawanosh School for Girls; Singwauk Hall); Garden River, burned down six days after opening on September 23rd, 1873, moved to Sault Saint Marie in 1873; Wawanosh School for Girls opened in Sarnia in 1877; Singwauk & Wawanosh combine to form a larger school in Sault Ste Marie in 1934; closed in 1971; currently houses Algoma University.

Mount Elgin Indian Residential School; Muncey Town; opened 1848; worked in partnership with Alnwick.

Mohawk Institute Residential School (Mohawk Manual Labour School: Mush Hole Indian Residential School); Brantford; opened 1850; closed 1969.

McIntosh Indian Residential School; Kenora; opened 1924; closed 1969.

Kenora Indian Residential School; Kenora; opened 1949; closed 1963.

Fort Frances Indian Residential School (St. Margaret's Indian Residential School) Fort Frances; opened 1902; closed 1974.

Chapleau Indian Residential School (Saint John's Indian Residential School) Chapleau; opened 1907; closed 1950.

Cecilla Jeffrey Indian Residential School; Kenora; opened 1900; closed 1966.

Bishop Horden Memorial School (Moose Factory Indian Residential School; Moose Fort Indian Residential School); Moose Factory; opened 1907; closed 1963.

Alnwick Industrial School; Alderville; opened 1838; closed 1966; worked in partnership with Monut Elgin Indian Residential School.

Alexandra Industrial School for Girls; Toronto; opened 1897; closing date unknown.
18- Albany Mission Indian Residential School (Fort Albany Residential School); Fort Albany; opened 1912; closed 1963.

Manitoba

Waterhen Indian Residential School; Waterhen; opened 1890; closed 1900.

St. Paul's Industrial School (St Rupert's Land Industrial School); Selkirk County; opened 1886; closed 1906.

St Bonifice Industrial School; St Boniface; opened 1891; closed 1909.

Sandy Bay Indian Residential Schol; Sandy Bay First Nation; opened 1905; closed 1970.

Portage la Prairie Presbyterian Indian Residential; Portage la Prairie; opened 1895; closed 1950.

Portage la Prairie Methodist Indian Residential School; Portage la Prairie; opened 1896; closed 1975.

Pine Creek Indian Residential School (Camperville Indian Residential School); Camperville; opened 1891; closed 1971,(an alternate location is being researched, Pine Creek First Nation Reserve).

Norway House Methodist Indian Residential School; Norway House; opened 1900; closed 1974.

Mackay Indian Residential School; The Pas; opened 1915; closed 1933; reopened in Dauphin in 1955; closed 1980.

Lake St Martin Indian Residential School; Fisher River; opened 1874; new school built in 1948; closed 1963.

Guy Hill Indian Residential School; The Pas; opened 1955; closed 1974.

Fort Alexande Indian Residential School; Fort Alexander; opened 1906; closed 1970.

Elkhorn Indian Residential School (Washakada Indian Residential School); Elkhorn; opened 1888; closed 1919 as CP railroad purchased land on which school was built; school reopened in 1925; closed 1949.

Cross Lake Indian Residential School (Norway House Roman Catholic Indian Residential School); Cross Lake; opened 1915; closed 1942.

Brandon Industrial School; Brandon; opened 1892; became a residential school in 1923; closed 1975.

Birtle Indian Residential School; Birtle; opened 1889; closed 1975.

Assiniboia Indian Residential School; Winnipeg; opened 1957; closed 1973.

Saskatchewan

Thunderchild Indian Residential School (Delmas Indian Residential School); Delmas; opened 1933; school was burnt down by students in 1948.

St Phillips Indian Residential School (Keeseekoose Day School); Kamsack; opened 1899; closed 196.

St Barnabas Indian Residential School (Onion Lake Indian Residential School); Onion Lake; opened 1893; school burnt down in 1943; closed 1951.

St Anthony's Indian Residentila School (Onion Lake Catholic Indian Residential School); Onion Lake; opened 1891; closed 1968.

Round Lake Indian Residential School; Whitewood; opened 1886; closed 1950.

Regina Indian Residential School; Regina; opened 1890; closing date unknown.

Qu'Appelle Indian Residential School (Fort Qu'Appelle Indian Residential School; Lebret Indian Residential School); Lebret; opened 1884; school burnt down in 1908; closed 1969.

Prince ALbert Indian Residential School (All Saints Indian Residential School; St Albans Indian Residential School); Prince ALbert; All Saints & St Albans opened in 1865; almalgamated in 1951; closed in 1964.

Muscowequan Indian Residential School; Lestock; opened 1932; closed 1981.

Lake La Ronge Mission Indian Residential School; La Ronge; opened 1914; new school built in 1920; closed 1947.

Ile-a-la-Crosse Indian Residential School; Ile-a-la-Crosse; opened 1878; closing date unknow.

Guy Indian Residential School; Stugeon Landing; opened 1926; closed 1964.

Gordon Indian Residential School; Punnichy; opened 1889; new school built in 1911, burned down in 1929; closed 1975.

File Hills Indian Residential School (File Hills Colony School); Okanese Reserve; opened 1889; closed 1949.

Emmanuel College; Prince Albert; opened 1865; closed 1923.

St Michael's Indian Residential School (Duck Lake Indian Residential School); Duck Lake; opened 1892; closed 1964.

Crowstand Indian Residential School; Kamsack; opened 1888; closed 1913.

Cowesses Indian Residential School (Marieval Indian Residential School); Marieval; opened 1936; closed 1975.

Beauval Indian Residential School; Beauval; opened 1895; closed 1983; now Meadow Lake Tribal Council's Beauval Indian Education Centre.

Battleford Industrial School; Battleford; opened 1883; closed 1943.

Alberta

Sturgeon Lake Indian Residential School; Sturgeon Lake; opened 1907; closed 1957.

Youville Indian Residential School; Edmonton; opened 1892; closed 1948.

St Pete's Indian Residential School (Lesser Slave Lake Indian Residential School); Lesser Slave Lake; opened 1900; closed 1932.

St Paul's Indian Residential School; Cardston; opened 1900; closed 1972.

St Paul De Metis Indian Residential School; St Paul; opened 1898; closed 1905.

St Martin Boarding School; Wabasca; opened 1901; closed 1973.

St John's Indian Residential School (Wabasca Residential School); Wabasca; opened 1895; new school built 1949; closed 1966.

St Henri Indian Residential School (Fort Vernillion Indian Residential School); Fort Vermillion; opened 1900; closed 1968.

St Francis Xavier Indian Residential School; Calais; opened 1890; closed 1961.

St Cyprian's Indian Residential School; Brocket; opened 1900; new school built in 1926; closed 1962.

St Bruno Indian Residential School (Joussard Indian Residential School); Joussard; opened 1913; closed 1969.

St Bernard Indian Residential School (Grouard Indian Residential School); Grouard; opened 1939; closed 1962.

St Barnabas Indian Residential School; Sarcee; opened 1899; new school built in 1912; closed 1922.

St Andrew's Indian Residential School; Whitefish Lake; opened 1895; closed 1950.

St Albert's Indian Residential School; St Albert; opened 1941; closed 1948.

Sarcee Indian Residential School; Calgary; 1894; closed 1930.

Red Deer Industrial School; Red Deer; opened 1894; closed 1919.
The Red Deer Industrial School and Edmonton Indian Residential School. Talks began in 1889 about opening the Red Deer institute but did not open until 1894 and it closed down in 1919. They opened Edmonton IRS to replace Red Deer and it took them 5 years to settle all the details. The two schools never operated at the same time. Edmonton was officially opened in 1924 and closed in 1968.

Peigan Indian Residential School (Victoria Jubilee Home); Brocket; opened 1892; closed 1965.

Old Sun's Indian Residential School (North Camp Residential School; White Eagle's Residential School; Short RObe Indian Residential School); Gleichen; opened 1894; closed 1912; new building erected in 1929; closed 1971.

McDougall Orphanage & Residential School (Morley Indian Residential School); Morley; opened 1886; closed 1949.

Immaculate Conception Indian Resideential School (Blood Indian Residential School; St. Mary's Mission Indian Residential School); Stand-Off; opened 1884; new school built in 1911 in Cardston; Stand-Off location closed in 1926; Cardston location closed in 1975.

Fort Smith Indian Residential School (Breyant Hall); Fort Smith; opened 1955; closed 1970.

Ermineskin Indian Residential School; Hobbema; opened 1916;closed 1973.

Edmonton Industrial School; St Albert; opened 1924; closed 1968.
Edmonton was officially opened in 1924 and closed in 1968.

Dunbow Industrial School (St Joseph's Industrial School; High River Industrial School); High River; opened 1888; closed 1939.

Crowfoot Indian Residenial School; Cluny; opened 1909; closed 1968.

Convent of Holy Angels Indian Residential School (Holy Angels Indian Residential School; Our Lady of Victoria Indian Residential School); Fort Chipewyan; opened 1902; closed 1974.

Blue Quill's Indian Residential School (Lac la Biche Boarding School; Hospice of St Joseph); Lac la Biche; opened 1862; moved to Brocket in 1898 (Sacred Heart Indian Residential School; Saddle Lake Boarding School); moved lastly to St Paul in 1931 (St Paul's Boarding School); in 1970, became the first Native-administered school in Canada.

Assumption Indian Residential School (Hay Lakes Indian Residential School); Hay Lakes; opened 1963; closed 1965.

British Columbia

Yale Indian Residential School; Yuquot; opened 1901; closed 1913.

Williams Lake Indian Residential School (Williams Lake Industrial School; Caribou Indian Residential School; St Joseph's Mission); Williams Lake; opened 1890; closed 1981.

Victoria Catholic Convent School; Victoria; opened 1863; closing date unknown.

Thomas Crosby Indian Residential School; Port Simpson; opened 1879; closed 1950.

St Michael's Indian Residential School (Alert Bay Indien Residential School); Alert Bay; opened 1929; closed 1975.

St Mary's Mission Indian Residential School; Mission; opened 1861; closed 1984.

St George's Indian Residential School (Lytton Indian Residential School); Lytton; opened 1901; new school built 1928; closed 1979.

Squamish Indian Residential School (St Francis Indian Residential School; St Paul's Indian Residential School); North Vancouver; opened 1898; closed 1959.

Sechelt Indian Residential School; Sechelt; opened 1912; closed 1975.

Roman Catholic Coqualeetza Indian Residential School; Chilliwack; opened 1890; closed 1941.

Presbyterian Coqualeetza Indian Residential School; Chilliwack; opened 1861; closed 1940.

Port Simpson Methodist Girl's School; Port Simpson; opened 1863; closed 1950.

Metlakatia Indian Residential School; Metlakatia; opened 1891; closed 1962; combined Anglican & Methodist.

Methodist Coqualeetza Institute; Chilliwack; opened 1886; closed 1937; later became the Coqualeetza Hospital.

Lower Post Indian Residential School; Lower Post; opened 1940; closed 1975.

Lejac Indian Residential School; Fraser Lake; opened 1910; new building in 1922; closed 1976.

Kuper Island Indian Residential School; Chemainus; opened 1890; closed 1975.

Kootenay Indian Residential School (St Eugene's Indian Residential School; St Mary's Indian Residential School); Cranbrook; opened 1898; closed 1970.

Kitimaat Indian Residential School (Elizabeth Long Memorial School for Girls); Kitimaat; opened 1883; closing date unknown.

Kamloops Indian Residential School (St Louis Mission Indien Residential School; St Ann's Academy); Kamloops; opened 1890; closed 1978.

Greenville Mission Boy's Boarding School; Naas River; opened 1863; closing date unknown.

Friendly Cove Day School; Yuquot; opened 1930; closed 1964.

Cowichan Catholic Convent School; Cowichan; opened 1863; closing date unknown.

Christie Indian Residential School (New Christie Indian Residential School; Kakawis Indian Residential School); Tofino (Meares Island); opened 1900; closed in 1973; new school built in 1974; closed 1983.

All Hallows Indian Residential School; Yale; opened 1884; closed 1920.

Ahousaht Indian Residential School; Ahousaht; opened 1901; closed 1950.

Alberni Indian Residential School (Port Alberni Indian Residential School); Port Alberni; opened 1920; closed 1973.

(Source: information collected by the Aboriginal Healing Foundation)




Maureen Flynn-Burhoe 2001. Questions, comments and copyright: Contact

Last updated August 2002.