CONFLICTING VIEWPOINTS IN CYBER SPACE: METHODS, THEORY AND A CASE STUDY
AGENTS OF CHANGE: SOCIAL JUSTICE
ANIMAL RIGHTS GROUPS STANDPOINTS
CANADIAN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STANDPOINTS
EUROPEAN COUNCIL STANDPOINTS
SOCIAL SCIENTISTS STANDPOINTS
- CONFLICTING VIEWPOINTS IN CYBER SPACE: METHODS, THEORY AND A CASE STUDY
- Cyberspace: Its Impact On The Conventional Way of Doing and Thinking About Research
- Inuit in Cyberspace
Christensen, Neil Blair. (1998) Inuit in Cyberspace: Practising and Constructing Computer-mediated Space
- WOOLRIDGE, SUZANNE. (2000) "New study on fisheries uses art to illustrate issues". The Arts Report - CBC Radio. April 17. Visual arguments, visual theses: Art illustrates Newfoundland fisheries crisis
Art Gallery of Newfoundland and Labrador. ST. JOHN'S - "There's a new national report out that
looks at dwindling fish stocks on both Canadian coasts. What makes it different is the way it uses visual art to help make its points. Newfoundland artist Pam Hall was a full partner in both the writing and research of the report."
- AGENTS OF CHANGE: SOCIAL JUSTICE
- Civil liberties guru lectures in Iqaluit
- ANIMAL RIGHTS GROUPS STANDPOINTS
- Animal Rights Web Ring...."This web ring was designed to link sites together that concern animal rights, endangered species, vegetarian/vegan, animal
respect, or animal welfare related information. I feel that respecting animals and the earth is the first step towards treating
animals equally. This is why I invite any site that has a strong animal interest related subject to join the ring."
- Animal Theology"Reverend Andrew Linzey is an Anglican priest who currently hosts the worlds first fellowship in thelogy and animal rights at Oxford
University, and in Animal Theology he argues, amongst other things, that the commodification of animals is immoral and theologically
- Fondation Brigitte Bardot
Petition to end Canadian seal hunt. Photo of Brigitte Bardot with baby seal
Info"Despite the protest movements incited in March 1995 by the announcement of a large scale resumption of seal hunting in Norway and Canada, these two countries have not only decided to continue the seal hunt this year, but also to significantly increase the authorised quota !"
- International Fund for Animal Welfare:
- - 1)Canadasealhunt: IFAW's webpage
- 2) The Calgary Animal Rights Coalition (CARC)Enviroweb: Calgary Animal Rights Coalition Web Site
- "Seal Hunt Slideshow with Guest Speaker!! The slideshow topic is the seal hunt. Rebecca Aldworth will be giving an account of her experiences and photos of the hunt of this past spring. The location is the Memorial Park Library, 1220 2nd St. SW Time/Date: 2pm-4pm on November 27th, 1999. It is free of charge, but donations are gratefully accepted."
"The Calgary Animal Rights Coalition (CARC) is a non-profit group formed to promote animal rights,
and animal related issues. Animal rights is the recognition that all animals have the same right to
existence, based upon the natural complexities that comprise the ecosystems they inhabit. Not on
any value system placed upon them by humans. Animals do not exist for humans any more than
humans exist for animals. The attitudes of humans are often based on greed, and are therefore used
to subjugate, exploit, torment and slaughter other lifeforms, both as individuals and as species."
- International Marine Mammal Association (IMMA)
- Lavigne, Dr. David, Executive Director of IMMA
- A simplified food web for the Northwest Atlantic
- Marine Mammal Protection
"A U.S. Congressional Research Service report of April 6, 1999, acknowledges that because the MMPA prohibits trade in
marine mammal products regardless of speciesí conservation status, it appears to be inconsistent with U.S. obligations under
international trade agreements. Nevertheless, the vast majority of the American public believe that the MMPA provides valuable
protection to marine mammals. Any attempt to "harmonize" the MMPA with U.S. international obligations will likely be seen by
many Americans as an attempt to weaken it and could be met by strong opposition."
"As for the issue of GATT/WTO and NAFTA consistency, Canada raised questions about the MMPA with the U.S. authorities
in July in the context of the WTO Trade Policy Review of the United States (an overall examination of U.S. trade policies by
"Canada expressed its concerns about the MMPA, and formally asked what action the U.S. Government is contemplating to
bring the MMPA into conformity with U.S. international obligations. Canadian officials continue to seek a response. Canada will
continue to pursue this issue with the U.S., and is considering all options to address it, including recourse to dispute settlement."
"In the short term, Canada has begun to discuss with U.S. authorities ways to smooth temporary non-commercial transfer across
the border of items from aboriginal communities for cultural or educational purposes, which the MMPA allows for under limited
- International Wildlife Coalition
- Ocean Defense International...Anti-whaling Protester injured during Makah hunt
- Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
-1)"Canada's final seal solution"
....Captain Paul Watson
- World Wildlife Fund Canada Under Newsroom: November 9, 1999 "WORLD WILDLIFE FUND CANADA STATES ITS COMMITMENT TO NUNAVUT". Under Library and Links: List of Canadian Wildlife at Risk 1999.
- Opposition: Animal rights terrorists
- ARTISTS STANDPOINTS
- CANADIAN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STANDPOINTS
- Department of Fisheries and Oceans
- Can Explore search engine
- Understanding the Seal Fishery
- Four types of seals: Gulf of Saint Lawrence
- High levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sea mammals
- 2000 Seal Management Measures...Fact sheet
- ATLANTIC SEAL HUNT 1999 MANAGEMENT PLAN
- GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO THE STANDING COMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND OCEANSí SEAL REPORT
"The Department of Fisheries and Oceans is mindful that sealing regulations may be used to provide excuses for trade barriers in
other countries and will seek to revise those regulations. It may not be possible, however, to avoid these kinds of difficulties.
For example, many groups would like the regulations changed to allow the harvest of older bluebacks (young hooded seals
which maintain their blueback coat for six months or more). While there is no biological or conservation reason to refuse this
request, coat colour is the basis for the current Economic Union (EU) seal import restrictions and any change could result in
further trade barriers."
"The Marine Mammal Regulations governing the seal hunt are being reviewed with the aim of adapting them to the current
conditions of the harvest."
"DFO has developed fourteen potential changes to the regulations on seals and sealing that are based on consultations and
submissions from more than 80 groups, including Aboriginal groups, representatives of the commercial seal industry,
conservation and animal rights groups. In addition to a mail-out to stakeholders, the Department hosted a public forum on May
18-19, 1999 in St. Johnís, Newfoundland in which about 50 groups participated, including scientists, academics, Aboriginal
leaders, animal rights activitist, provincial and federal officials and a wide range of industry stakeholders."
- ATLANTIC SEAL HUNT 2000 MANAGEMENT PLAN
- Eminent Panel on Seal Management....Terms of Reference. DFO
- EUROPEAN COUNCIL STANDPOINTS
- Council of Europe
(1998) Report no. 8177. The oceans: state of the marine environment and new trends in international law of the sea. 09/09/98. "1998 is International Year of the Oceans. This report - which is part of the Parliamentary Assembly's contribution to this event -
assesses the current state of the marine environment, both in the open seas, where the overall situation is acceptable, and in coastal areas, where significant threats are creating a potential danger."
"Human rights: The growing link between human rights and global environmental change is evident also in the latest environmental conventions.
Rights of participation, access to information, and freedom of speech, among others, are already articulated as essential
elements of these conventions. The consideration of issues, such as creation of "environmental refugees" or loss of a way of life
by indigenous people is also on agenda of conventions dealing with global environment change. Right to environment is a
relatively new concept, yet to find its expression in international law."
"The harvesting of marine mammals presents special problems. Aesthetic and ethical objections are expressed to it by a large
body of public opinion, particularly in a number of developed countries. The continuing recovery of most marine mammal
populations has raised the issue of whether near-total ban on harvesting should be continued or limited harvesting should be
allowed under carefully controlled conditions. Much more research is required to understand the consequences of these
alternatives and their impact on the maintenance of balanced ecosystems. The public also needs to be better informed about the
extent of recovery of populations in question, and its effect on ecosystems, to permit a more rational and less emotional
approach to discussion of the cost and benefits (aesthetic, economic and social) of the alternatives."
- INUIT STANDPOINTS
- Nunavut: Inuit Communications Systems:
$70,000 video designed to change opinion of seal hunt
- Sealing promo sparks debate in Department of
Sustainable Development over seal killing scene. Inuit Communications Systems Ltd.
(ICSL) for the Department of Sustainable Development
- Nunavut legislature: Mace - At first sitting of Nunavut legislature. Mace made of narwhal tusk, northern precious stones depicts three kinds of seals: ringed, hooded, grey
- Premier Paul Okalik's review of Nunavut's first year: Nunatsiaq News
- Nunavut.com: Economy
- Arctic ozone layer is thinner
- Avunniit: [Iglulik] The month of "seal pups born early." The month equivalent to March. (In Arviat it refers to caribou
calves.) [Mittimatalik] ikiaqpavvik.
- HUNTERS AND HIGH FINANCE
- pijariiqpunga LIVING WITH CHANGE
- INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
- 3d Annual International Wildlife Law Conference
The Interface of the World Trade Organization and International
Wildlife Treaty Regimes/National Wildlife Conservation Legislation: We are particularly interested in speakers that will address this issue in the
context of a specific dispute, e.g. Shrimp/TEDs, Leghold Traps/EU. Also, we
are seeking speakers who will address the issue from a prescriptive
standpoint, i.e. how should we reconcile the purview of the WTO and wildlife
treaty regimes/national legislation?
Sustainable Use of Wildlife: Opportunity or Oxymoron?: We are seeking speakers to examine the moral, economic and biological issues
related to sustainable use of wildlife as an economic resource. We are
particularly interested in the application of the concept in the context of
international wildlife treaty regimes, including CITES and regional regimes.
Regional Wildlife Treaty Regimes: Problems and Prospects. We are seeking speakers to assess the viability of regional wildlife treaty
regimes, including agreements entered into under the Convention on
Conservation of Migratory Species (e.g. the European Bats Agreement,
ASCOBANS), the Lusaka Agreement on Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed
at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora, and the Bern Convention on the
Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. The focus of the
speakers should be on the efficacy of such regimes to date and how the regimes
can be strengthened.
- SEALERS' STANDPOINTS
- Canadian Sealers Association Web Site
- Seals ashore: Charlottetown, PEI
SOCIAL SCIENTISTS' STANDPOINTS
- Subsistence Hunting in a Global Economy
Kofinas, Gary. (1993) "Subsistence Hunting in a Global Economy: Contributions of Northern Wildlife Co-Management to Community Economic Development
- USES OF THE WORLD WIDE WEB IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
- Barrie, J.M. and Presti, D. E. (1996). The World Wide Web as an Instructional Tool. Science 274:371-372.