When a speaker communicates a message, they sometimes also indicate the source of information for the message. Did they see it, guess it, or hear it from someone else? Many languages have grammaticalized morphological means to indicate information source. The marking of information source is referred to as evidentiality marking. I am interested in how languages that lack grammaticalized evidential morphology mark information sources. I have specifically explored how English and Swedish use copy raising and verbs like seems like and looks like to express information source. I am also interested in how linguistic evidentiality relates to epistemology the way philosophers understand it.

This work is highly collaborative. My collaborators include Ash Asudeh, Lisa Sullivan, Chris Wildman, Nalini Ramlakhan and Claire Lesage.

2015. The reliability of testimony and perception: connecting epistemology and lingusitic evidentiality. With Claire Lesage, Nalini Ramlakhan, and Chris Wildman. Proceedings of CogSci 2015
pdf link

2012. Copy raising and perception. With Ash Asudeh. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 30(2): 321--380.
pre-published version: pdf

2007. Copy raising and its consequences for perceptual reports. In Annie Zaenen, Jane Simpson, Tracy Holloway King, Jane Grimshaw, Joan Maling and Chris Manning, eds., Architectures, Rules, and Preferences: Variations on Themes by Joan W. Bresnan. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications. 49–67. With Ash Asudeh.
[Prepublication draft] pdf

2006. Expletives and the syntax and semantics of copy raising. In Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King, eds., Proceedings of the LFG06 Conference. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications. 13-29. With Ash Asudeh.
link pdf