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Procrastination Research Group, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON. Department of Psychology email link to Tim_Pychyl@carleton.calink to Carleton University Home PageDepartment of Psychology
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cartoon character

 

This web site provides access to information and research related to procrastination. Although our site originates at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada), it represents a compilation of information and research on procrastination from all over the world.

Are you visiting our website for the first time? Here are some suggestions:
  1. PODCASTS - Ranked in the top 15 on iTunes for Self-Help. Updated regularly at iProcrastinate Podcasts
  2. BLOG - If you want to understand your own procrastination, visit my Don't Delay blog on Psychology Today - a very good source of concise summaries of the latest research along with helpful tips and strategies for change.
  3. RESEARCH - If you want to know about research in the area, you'll find lots of information on this site including a bibliography (see "Research Resources" in the menu above). More recent research is highlighted below the cartoon. You may choose to participate in research as well.
  4. COMICS - If you want to smile, check out the Carpe Diem comics Some of the most recent are below, and the archive can be found at the link to the right. The latest comic is here.
  5. Fun YouTube video created by some of my first-year students (2010-2011).
  6. PDF copy of my presentation slides for recent talks in Ottawa.
  7. ABOUT DR. PYCHYL - You can learn more about my work here.
  8. BOOK - The Procrastinator's Digest: A Concise Guide to Solving the Procrastination Puzzle has been republished by Tarcher/Penguin as Solving the Procrastination Puzzle Order a copy today. Recent reader comment  What are readers saying?
NOTE: This hompage is the most up-to-date part of the website. Other pages are dated, and our website will be revised and redesigned in the fall of 2015. Lots of resources here, but please forgive us for some of the out of date materials in other parts of the website.

Coaching Towards Happiness:

Applying Positive Psychology in your Coaching, Work and Life
An interview about procrastination
(with 11 succinct excerpts for those who are in a rush!)


Why you procrastinate and 10 tactics to help you stop
(A Year of Productivity Interview)

20 Tips to Reduce Academic Procrastination
(these are the tips discussed in the podcast posted January 2013)




Recent Research & Publications

Blouin-Hudon, E-M., C., & Pychyl, T.A. (2015). Experiencing the temporally extended self: Initial support for the role of affective states, vivid mental imagery, and future self-continuity in the prediction of academic procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.06.003 (download PDF until August 1, 2015)


Research presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Conference, Bielefeld, Germany

Haghbin, M., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 9, 2015). Measuring prototypes of delay using a vignette approach: Development and validation of the delay questionnaire.  Paper presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany. 

Demetriou, K., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 9, 2015). Is cleaning the house more desireable? A project-analytic perspective on project appraisal dimensions comparing avoided tasks and the adopted alternative tasks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany.

Gagnon, J., Paquette, L.A., Dionne, F., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 9, 2015). A preliminary investigation of the role of committed action in procrastination among university students. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany.

Blouin-Hudon, E-M., C., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 9, 2015). Experiencing the temporally extended self: Initial support for the role of affective states, vivid mental imagery, and future self-continuity in the prediction of academic procrastination. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany.

Blouin-Hudon, E-M., C., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 10, 2015). Nurturing the temporally extended self: Mental imagery as an intervention tool to increase future self-continuity and reduce procrastination. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany.

Little, D., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 10, 2015). Procrastination and dissonance-reduction strategies. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference, Bielefeld, Germany.



Sirois, F.M., Campbell, M., Chowdhury, S., Blouin-Hudon, E.M., Pychyl, T.A. (June 5, 2015). Embracing the future self: An investigation of procrastination and empathy. Poster presented at the Canandian Psychological Association annual conference, Ottawa, Ontario.


Flett, A. & Pychyl, T.A. (June, 2014). Procrastination, Rumination, and Distress in Students: An Analysis of the Roles of Self-Compassion and Mindfulness. Poster presented at the Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference, Vancouver. B.C.


Sirois, F. & Pychyl, T.A. (2013). Procrastination and the priority of short-term mood regulation: Consequences for future self. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 115-127. DOI: 10.1111/spc3.12011


Research presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Conference, Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec

Haghbin, M., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 19, 2013). Development and Psychometric Properties of the Health‐related Procrastination Scale. Paper presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Khazraei, N., & Pychyl T.A. (July 19, 2013). The central role of self-regulation failure in the relation between depression and procrastination. Paper presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Rooen, A., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 19, 2013). How maladaptive thinking is related to procrastination. Poster presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Brewer, R., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 19, 2013). The relations of purpose, transcendence and existential vacuum with procrastination. Poster presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Haghbin, M., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 19 2013). Procrastination and health: The negative effects of various types of procrastination. Poster presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Maisonneuve, A., & Pychyl, T.A. (July 20, 2013). An examination of academic procrastination from first-year undergraduate to graduate study. Poster presented at the 8th Biennial Procrastination Research Conference. Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec.


Pychyl, T.A., Rooen, A., & Haghbin, M. (September 19-21, 2013). The relation of maladaptive automatic thoughts to procrastination,  socially-prescribed perfectionism and obsessive-compulsive tendencies. Annual Conference for the Institute for Challenging Disorganization, Denver, Colorado.


Rahimi, S., Hall, N. C., Pychyl, T., A., & Sverdlik, A. (June 2013). Blameworthiness and Moral Responsibility in Students that Procrastinate versus Delay. Poster presented at the Canadian Psychological Association, Quebec City, QC.

Rahimi, S., Hall, N. C., & Pychyl, T.A. (April, 2013). Attributions of Moral Responsibility and Blameworthiness in Relation to Procrastination versus Delay. Poster presented at the annual conference of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.



Pychyl, T.A., & Flett, G.L. (2012). Procrastination and self-regulatory failure: An introduction to the special issue. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. DOI: 10.1007/s10942-012-0149-5

Haghbin, M., McCaffrey, A., & Pychyl, T.A. (2012). The complexity of the relation between fear of failure and procrastination. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.
DOI: 10.1007/s10942-012-0153-9


New Years Resolutions


Ferrari, J.R., & Pychyl, T.A. (2012). “If I wait, my partner will do it:” The role of conscientiousness as a mediator in the relation of academic procrastination and perceived social loafing. North American Journal of Psychology, 14 (1), 13-24.

Pychyl, T.A. (July, 2011). Agency, responsibility and autonomy: An existential perspective on procrastination as self-regulation failure. Paper to be presented at the 7th Biennial conference on Counseling the Procrastinator in the Academic Context, Amersterdam. 


Carpe Diem cartoon about to-do lists


Heward, E., & Pychyl, T.A. (June 4, 2011). Trait emotional intelligence and its relations to general, academic, and Internet procrastination: The Importance of Self-Control in Understanding Self-Regulatory Failure. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Toronto.


Carpe Diem cartoon about Emotional Intelligence

Wohl, M.J.A., Pychyl, T.A., & Bennet, S.H. (2010). I forgive myself, now I can study: How self-forgiveness for procrastinating can reduce future procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 803-808(Even O-Magazine liked this one)

Pychyl, T.A. (2009). Savouring the Flavours of Delay. English Studies in Canada. 34(2-3), 25-29.

Simpson, W.K., & Pychyl, T.A. (2009). In search of the arousal procrastinator: An investigation of the relation between procrastination, arousal-based personality traits and beliefs about procrastination motivations Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 906-911.

The comic below captures these results (see more at Carpe Diem)

Arousal procrastination?

Dann, M., & Pychyl, T.A. (August 4, 2009). Approach and avoidance personal goals: Goal appraisal profiles, congruence with personality and procrastination. Paper presented at the 6th biennial conference on Counseling the Procrastinator in Academic Settings, Toronto, Ontario.  

Carpe Diem cartoon - avoidance and approach goals

Sirois, F., Voth, J., & Pychyl, T.A. (August 4, 2009). "I'll look after my health later": A prospective study of the linkages of procrastination to health and well-being in undergraduate students. Paper presented at the 6th biennial conference on Counseling the Procrastinator in Academic Settings, Toronto, Ontario. 

Haghbin, M., McCaffrey, A., & Pychyl, T.A. (August 5, 2009).  Structural Equation Modelling of the relation between fear of failure and procrastination. Paper presented at the 6th biennial conference on Counseling the Procrastinator in Academic Settings, Toronto, Ontario. 

Shannahan, M.J., & Pychyl, T.A. (2007). An ego identity perspective on volitional action: Identity status, agency, and procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 901-911.

Speaking of identity and procrastination . . . Carpe Diem captures it!


Identity crisis?



Research Books & Special Issues


Journal of Rational -Emotive and Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Special Issue - Fall 2012:
Procrastination and Self-Regulatory Failure
Edited by Timothy A. Pychyl (Carleton University) & Gordon L. Flett (York University)

Journal of Rational-Emotive and Behavior-Therapy


About this Special Issue . . .
In preface to the papers in this special issue on the role of procrastination in maladjustment, we provide an overview of the topics covered.  To our knowledge, this is the first special issue that focuses specifically on the role of this form of self-regulatory failure in understanding maladjustment. We begin with a discussion of the complex array of motivational, affective, cognitive, and behavioural factors that operate in chronic procrastination.  These complexities are illustrated with case studies that highlight the role of negative self-views and associated deficits in self-regulation.  Themes explored in the papers include the role of cognitive factors in dysfunctional beliefs and automatic thoughts in procrastination, as well as the role of procrastination and deficits in self-regulation related to stress, psychological distress, and physical illness.  Another key theme addressed is the usefulness of REBT and cognitive techniques such as mindfulness training in reducing the tendency to procrastinate.  




Counseling the procrastinator in academic settings
Edited by H.C. Schouwenburg, C. Lay, T. Pychyl, & J.R. Ferrari
American Psychological Association: Washington, DC. (2004)
Counseling the procrastinator in academic settings
Abstract

Procrastination, as a sporadic or chronic response to task engagement, is a pervasive problem for a large number of individuals in many societies. For example, researchers have estimated that in academic settings in North America, over 70% of students exhibit this behavior. Many of these individuals are highly vulnerable to negative consequences such as poor performance, decreased subjective well-being, negative affect, and reduced life achievements.

In Counseling the Procrastinator in Academic Settings, a number of recently designed practical counseling methods for use in academic settings are described with the aim of promoting new intervention that can lead to change. In doing so, the authors also present theories of procrastination and provide an overview of recent research. School counselors, psychologists, educators, and administrators will find this book invaluable as they look for ways to counsel others on procrastination, work habits, productivity, and self-regulation.




Special Issue (2000) - Procrastination: Current Issues and New Directions
Journal of Social Behaviour & Personality
(Vol. 15, No. 5 - - Joseph R. Ferrari & Timothy A. Pychyl, Editors)
Journal of Social Behavior & Personality
About this Special Issue . . .

This volume contains 23 articles about both situational and dispositional forms of procrastination. The first section examines Situational Procrastination, particularly academic procrastination. The articles in this section look at personality and individual difference variables, such as self-esteem, perfectionism, and neuroticism; gender comparisons; and different student populations. Other studies on academic procrastination focus on motivational factors, goals, and planning skills. The second section of the issue explores Dispositional Procrastination. Empirical articles cover emotional states associated with procrastination, cognitions and perceptions related to task delays, motivational and attentional aspects of procrastination, and self-deception and optimism aspects of chronic procrastination.
 

 

What's new and
in the news . . .

Solving the Procrastination Puzzle cover

Tarcher/Penguin has republished "The Procrastinator's Digest" as "Solving the Procrastination Puzzle"
Available on Amazon
 - or bookstores in your area.
About the author

iProcrastinate podcasts logo


Psychology Today Blog - "Don't Delay"

New comic cartoon

Audioboo Logo

Check out my audioblog at audioboo.  3-minute "boos" about procrastination (RSS)

Philosophy Talk
Join Prof. Pychyl in conversation with hosts John Perry & Ken Taylor on Philosophy Talk


IN THE NEWS

Top 7 Tips To Keep Your New Year's Resolutions
EVERYTHINGZOOMER.COM

by Diane Sewell

How We Trick Our Brains Into Feeling Productive
FastCompany
by Jane Porter

Why Your Brain Loves Procrastination
VOX
by Susannah Locke

5 Tricks to Stop Procrastinating for Good
TIME
by Barbara Stepko

Concentrate! How to tame a wandering mind
BBC FUTURE
by Caroline Williams

The Beautiful Life of
Your Brain

Reader's Digest
by Kimberly Hiss

Dr. Procrastination
CTV News
by Joel Haslam

6 Ways to Lighten the Weight of Guilt
The Huffinton Post
by Lindsay Holmes

3 Ways to Avoid Distraction and be More Productive
Entrepreneur

10 Ways to Actually
Get Sh*t Done!

Archetypes
by Michele Laufik

14 Signs You're Really Happy (And How to Stay That Way)
The Huffington Post
By Lindsay Holmes

Cure Your Procrastination
What are you waiting for?

RadioMD
HerRadio

How to Stop Procrastinating
MEN'S JOURNAL
by Melaina Juntti

To Stop Procrastinating, Look to Science of Mood Repair
Wall Street Journal
by Sue Shellenbarger

Scientific American Mind cover

Sloth: To Stop Procrastinating,
Focus on Emotions

By Sandra Upson

Working Smarter: To cure procrastination, try the buddy system
Tech Page One
By Helena Echlin

Why Wait? The Science Behind Procrastination
Association for Psychological Science Observer
Observer Cover
by Eric Jaffe

Psst, procrastinators:Here's why you still haven't done your taxes
NBC News
by Melissa Dahl

Procrastination: un échec de régulation de soi-même dû à une gestion de l'humeur à court terme
Psychomédia

Most RRSP contributors wait for the last two weeks; TD Survey
National Post
by
Melissa Leong

A surprising antidote to procrastination
START IT UP
by Jessica Stillman

Ask the Experts: Why do we make New Year's Resolutions?
CardHub
by John Kiernan

Dr. Tim Pychyl

Treat your future self better - stop procrastinating now
Globe & Mail
By Beverley Smith

How I finally got around to getting my driver's license
Globe & Mail
By Courtney Shea

How to Streamline your Weekday mornings
Redbook
(at MSN Lifestyle)

What are YOU waiting for?
Procrastination
Deconstructed

Healthwise Ottawa
By Debra Huron

Keeping kids on track with their homework
Mom's Homeroom
By Joanna Nesbit

What's the hold up? The science of procrastination
WHYY Radio
(Philadelphia)

Why doing your taxes may be good for your health
FreshBooks Blog
by Sandy Braz

Can't get around to doing your taxes? Join the club.
Globe and Mail
by Roma Luciw

Put off by filing? It doesn't pay to procrastinate
Ottawa Citizen
by Tristan Worden

Why you procrastinate and how to stop
msnbc Today Health
by Jennifer Nelson

7 tax personality types
The Daily Beast
By Farnoosh Torabi

What to do if you've already broken that New Year's resolution
The Province
By Jennifer Saltman

Three words to a good life: Just do it
Toronto Star
By Jessica Hume

Holiday procrastination: Delay can pay
NPR (Tell me more)
Host: Michel Martin

Procrastination: comment s'en sortir?
lapressaffaires
By Iris Gagnon-Paradis

Stop putting so much off
Investors.com
By Gloria Lau

 Procrastinators often use social networks on the job
Pittsburgh Tribune Review
By Anita Bruzzese

Professor links putting off work to fear of failure
The Toronto Star
By Trish Crawford

Earnings and yearnings: The freelance Personality
Psychology Today
By Amy Rosenberg

A paralyzing fear of
filing taxes

The New York Times
By Charles Delafuente

Work Psychology:
Stop deluding yourself

The Globe and Mail
By Craig Silverman

The popular practice of putting stuff off
The New York Times
By Alina Tugend


Setting New Year's resolutions that work

 healthzone.ca
By Monique Savin

Procrastination: Ten things you should know
Psychology Today
By Hara Estroof Marano

Six Steps to help you beat procrastination
and
Getting things done
Ottawa Citizen
by Donna Jacobs

How to put work off - Constructively
by Cari Tuna
The Wall Street Journal
(for more on this see the NPR interview below)

National Public Radio - Talk of the Nation

Interview and call-in with Dr. Tim Pychyl & Dr. John Perry (Stanford) 

NPR blog

Stop Procrastinating - Right now!
GoodHousekeeping
Melissa Kirsch

Procrastination a Personality Trait
Ottawa Citizen
Jennifer Campbell

Procrastination: The thief of time
By Heather Pringle
NewScientist

workopolis logo
Story and Podcast about procrastination in the workplace

The ToDo Institute on procrastination

Getting out from under - How to stop procrastinating now
By Hara Estroof Marano
Psychology Today

Procrastination 101
The science of putting it off

by Jessica Winter
The Village Voice

Stop Procrastinating

Click the stop sign to learn more about dealing with procrastination
 

Is the to-do list doing you in?
By Kathleen McGowan
Psychology Today

Procrastination Nation
National Public Radio Archived broadcast (RealPlayer or Windows Media Player required) 

For a smile

Fresh Prince of Procrastination

The Procrastination Flow Chart

Procrastination is . . .

Gotta get my stuff done

the show with zefrank

Why Procrastinators Procrastinate

How to Beat Procrastination


(Click on the media type
you prefer to use)