Welcome to the Home Page of Stanley L. Winer

Canada Research Chair Professor in Public Policy
School of Public Policy and Administration and Department of Economics

Carleton University, Ottawa


Short Biography


Office: School of Public Policy, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Canada, K1S5B6
Office phone: (613) 520-2600 x-2630.  Fax: (613) 520-2551.  Cell: (613) 878-7274.  Home phone: (613) 224-1274.

Email: stanley.winer@carleton.ca


                Ongoing and Recent Research Projects


·       The integration of public finance and collective choice 

This longstanding research program combines the traditional concerns of public finance with the analysis of collective choice mechanisms, and explores the implications of the resulting frameworks for the positive and normative analysis of taxation, public expenditure and public policy generally. Most recently, this work includes the co-edited book with J. Martinez-Vazquez  Coercion and Social Welfare in Public Finance: Economic and Political Dimensions (Cambridge University Press, 2014).  


·       Political competition in mature democracies - meaning, measurement and consequences 

Political competition is at the heart of liberal-democracy. In this research - with Stephen Ferris (Carleton), Bernard Grofman (U.C. Irvine), Lawrence Kenny (Florida) -  we are studying the meaning, measurement and explanation of variation in the degree political competition in the mature democracies of Canada and the United States. With colleagues in India this work is expanding to consider political competitiveness across states in India. The consequences of competitiveness for public finance and other policies in these countries is also on this research agenda .


·       Internal migration and public policy  

Does public policy in ordinary times, such as the regionalized nature of unemployment insurance, substantially alter interregional migration in Canada? Do extraordinary events such as the election of a separatist government in Quebec or the closing of the east coast cod fishery affect individual migration decisions? The empirical relationship between public policy and interprovincial migration is the subject of my recent book Internal Migration and Public Policy in Canada: An Empirical Study, published by McGill-Queen's University Press in 2012, with Kathleen Day of the University of Ottawa. This body of research also includes some work on Canada-U.S. migration.


       For current working papers, publications and some data sets in these areas, please see the list below, or contact me. Comments and questions are always welcome.



Books and Monographs


·       Coercion and Social Welfare in Public Finance: Economic and Political Dimensions. Cambridge University Press. Co-edited with Jorge Martinez-Vazquez.

               Table of Contents and Introduction here. You can download the first part of the Introduction to the book as a Kindle sample. See also the Winer/Tridimas/Hettich chapter on "Social Welfare and Coercion in Public Finance".


·       Internal Migration and Public Policy in Canada: An Empirical Study. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2012 (with Kathleen Day).

               Awarded the Purvis Memorial Prize for 2013 from the Canadian Economics Society.


·        Political Economy and Public Finance: The Role of Political Economy in the Theory and Practice of Public Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing 2002. Co-edited with Hirofumi Shibata.


·       Political Economy in Federal States: Selected Essays of Stanley L. Winer. Edward Elgar Publishing 2002.


·        Democratic Choice and Taxation: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis. Cambridge University Press, 1999 (with Walter Hettich). Paperback 2005. Cambridge Online eBook 2009. (Amazon here.)


·       Knocking on the Back Door: Canadian Perspectives on the Political Economy of Freer Trade with the United States. Halifax: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1987, 220 pages. Co-edited with Allan Maslove.


·        Internal Migration and Fiscal Structure: An Econometric Study of the Determinants of Inter-Provincial Migration in Canada. Ottawa: Economic Council of Canada, 1982, 98 pages (with Denis Gauthier).

Interprovincial Migration Data: A Supplement to "Internal Migration and Fiscal Structure", Economic Council of Canada, May 1982, 150 pages (with Denis Gauthier)].


      See  also my Amazon authorpage: www.amazon.com/author/stanleywiner



              Working Papers, Forthcoming and Published Work


·        Measuring Electoral Competitiveness: The Parliamentary System of Canada, 1867 - 2011 (with Stephen Ferris and Bernard Grofman). October 2014. Preliminary. Under revision.


·        Explaining Variation in the Competitiveness of U.S. Senate Elections, 1922-2004 (with Lawrence Kenny and Bernard Grofman). Public Choice 161, 471-497. 

               Click here for the Online Methodological Appendix.


·       The Political Economy of Taxation. Oxford Bibliographies Online (Political Science). Ed. Rick Valelly. New York: Oxford University Press, February 2014. (with Paola Profeta and Walter Hettich).


·       Coercion, Welfare and the Study of Public Finance. Introductory chapter for Coercion and Social Welfare in Public Finance: Economic and Political Dimensions. Cambridge University Press, 2014, 1-28.  (with co-editor J. Martinez-Vazquez).


·       Social Welfare and Coercion in Public Finance. In J. Martinez-Vazquez and S.L. Winer (eds.), Coercion and Social Welfare in Public Finance. Cambridge University Press, 2014, 160-194. (with Walter Hettich and George Tridimas).


·       Coercion and Social Welfare in Contemporary Public Finance. Conference at Stone Mountain, Georgia, October 1-2, 2010. Co-organizer with Jorge Martinez-Vazquez of Georgia State University. Eleven papers plus formal discussions. 

               The outline of the conference is found here.  


·       What do we know about the relationship between regionalized aspects of the unemployment insurance system and internal migration in Canada? In Keith Banting and Jon Medow, eds., Making EI Work: Research from the Mowat Centre Employment Insurance Task Force. Toronto and Montreal: Mowat Centre for Policy Innovation, University of Toronto and McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2012. To be posted.


·       Reflections on the Role of Optimal Design in the Tax Policy Process. In F. Gorbet and A. Sharpe (eds.). In New Directions for Intelligent Government in Canada: Papers in honour of Ian Stewart.

Ottawa: Centre for the Study of Living Standards. October 2011, 205-210.


·       Do departures from democratic accountability compromise the stability of public finances?: Keynesianism, central banking, and minority governments in the Canadian system of party government, 1867-2009. Constitutional Political Economy 23(3), Sept. 2012, 213-243 (with Stephen Ferris and Bernard Grofman).


·        Democracy, Inequality and the Environment When Citizens Can Mitigate Privately or Act Collectively. (with Sophie Bernard and Louis Hotte). European Journal of Political Economy 34, 2014, 142 – 156


·        Social Welfare and Coercion in Public Finance.  Revised October 2010  (with George Tridimas and Walter Hettich). See also CESifo Working Paper No. 2482, December. 2008. Forthcoming in Coercion and Social Welfare in Contemporary Public Finance.


·        Environmental Regulation and Trade Openness in the Presence of Private Mitigation  (with Louis Hotte). Journal of Development Economics 97, 2012, 46-57.


·       Fiscal Incidence When Both Individual Welfare and Family Structure Matter: The Case of Subsidization of Home-care for the Elderly (With Haizhen Mou).  Public Finance Review. Forthcoming. 


·       Closing the 49th Parallel: An Unexplored Episode in Canadian Economic and Political History. Canadian Public Policy 37(3), 2011, 307-336  (with James Davies).

               Runner up for Vanderkamp prize, 2012.


·       Vertical Imbalance in the Canadian Federation (with Walter Hettich). Somewhat revised, July 2, 2010. First appearing in A. Maslove (ed.), How Ottawa Spends 2008-2009.

                              Click here for the Chinese version.


·       Political Regimes, Institutions and the Nature of Tax Systems. Prepared for 'Tax Systems: Whence and Whither (Recent evolution, current problems and future challenges)' . A Conference sponsored by the Saving Bank Foundation of Spain, FUNCAS and UNICAJA. Malaga Spain, September 9 – 11, 2009. Also presented as a general address to the annual meeting of SIEP (Società italiana di economia pubblica ) Pavia, September 24-25, 2009. July 22, 2009.

               Click here for the Spanish version.  

               Click here for the Italian version.


·        Introduction to the Symposium on Heterogeneity in Public Policy. Parts 1 and 2. Public Finance and Management 9(2 and 3), 2009.


·        Consumption versus Income Taxation: Three Moments in the Political Economy of Fiscal Choice (with George Warskett and Walter Hettich). Public Finance and Management 9(3), 311-359, 2009.


·       Searching for Keynesianism (with J. Stephen Ferris). European Journal of Political Economy 24, 2008, 294 – 316. 

               Click here for list of 'Names  of Variables and Data Sources'.

               Click here for the longer CESifo version (also dealing with automatic vs. discretionary policy) of August 2003.


·        Just how much bigger is government in Canada? A comparative analysis of the size and structure of the public sectors in Canada and the United States, 1929 - 2004 (with Stephen Ferris). Canadian Public Policy 33(2), July 2007, 173-206.

               Click here for the accompanying data spreadsheet of June 2007. 

               Runner up for Vanderkamp prize, 2008.


·       Trending Economic Factors and the Structure of Congress, 1930 – 2002. (with John Aldrich, Bernard Grofman and Michael Tofias). Public Choice 135, 2008, 415-448.

                       Click here for data spreadsheet of October 2007.


·       Taxation in the World: An Empirical Investigation of the Importance of Tax Bases, Collection Costs and Political Regime (with Larry Kenny)  International Tax and Public Finance 13, 2006, 181-215.


·        Explaining Tax Reform. For the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Conference on The Challenges of Tax Reform in a Global Economy. October 2004.


·        Structure and Coherence in the Political Economy of Public Finance (with Walter Hettich). In B. Weingast and D. Wittman (eds). The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy. Oxford University Press, 2006


·        The Political Economy of Government Size (with George Tridimas). Revised version in the European Journal of Political Economy, 21(3), 2005, 643-666.


·        Regulation and Taxation: Analyzing Policy Interdependence (with Walter Hettich).  Public Finance Review 34 (4), 380. 2006.


·        Tinpots, Totalitarians (and Democrats): An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Economic Growth on Civil Liberties and Political Rights (with Muhammed Islam). Public Choice 2004.


·        Rules, Politics and the Normative Analysis of Taxation (with Walter Hettich). In J. Backhaus and R. Wagner (eds), Handbook of Public Economics. Kluwer Academic, 2004, 109-138.


·        Policy-Induced Migration in Canada: An Empirical Study (with Kathleen Day). International Tax and Public Finance, 2006. 


·        The Political Economy of Taxation: Positive and Normative Analysis When Collective Choice Matters (with Walter Hettich). in C. Rowley and F. Schneider (eds),  Encyclopedia of Public Choice, Kluwer Academic 2003. 


·        Normative Public Finance for Political Economists (Speaking Notes for the European Public Choice Meetings), Belgirate, April 2002. 


·        Political Influence, Economic Interests and Endogenous Tax Structure in a Computable Equilibrium Framework: With Application to the United States, 1973 and 1983 (with Louis Hotte). Public Choice 109, 2001, 69-98. 


·        Information, Coordination, and Tax Policy Making (with Walter Hettich). In R. Bird, M. Trebilcock and T. Wilson (eds). Rationality in Public Policy: Retrospect and Prospect, A Tribute to Douglas Hartle. Canadian Tax Foundation, No. 104, 1999, 19-42.


·        What is Missed if We Leave Out Collective Choice in the Analysis of Taxation (with Walter Hettich). National Tax Journal 51(2), 1998, 373-389.        


·        Decision Externalities, Economic Efficiency and Institutional Response. Canadian Public Policy 21(3), 1995, 344-361 (with Walter Hettich).

               Click here for the Vietnamese version


·        Debt and Tariffs: An Empirical Investigation of the Evolution of Revenue Systems (with Walter Hettich). Journal of Public Economics 45, 1991, 215 - 242.


·        Economic and Political Foundations of Tax Structure (with Walter Hettich). American Economic Review 74(4), 1988, 701 - 712.


·        Money and Politics In a Small Open Economy. Public Choice 51, 1986, 221 – 239.


·        Vertical Imbalance in the Fiscal Systems of Federal States (with Walter Hettich). Canadian Journal of Economics 19(4), 1986, 745-765.


·        The Role of Exchange Rate Flexibility in the International Transmission of Inflation in Long and Shorter Runs: Canada 1953 – 1981. Canadian Journal of Economics 19(1), 1986, 62 - 86.


·        Blueprints and Pathways: The Shifting Foundations of Tax Reform (with Walter Hettich). National Tax Journal 47(4), 1985, 883-887.


·        A Comment on Papers by Albert Breton and Thomas Courchene. Public Choice 44, 1984, 273-278.


·        A Positive Model of Tax Structure (with Walter Hettich). Journal of Public Economics 24, 1984, 67 - 87.


·        Some Evidence on the Effect of the Separation of Spending and Taxing Decisions. Journal of Political Economy 91(1),1983,126 - 140.


·        Optimal Fiscal Illusion and the Size of Government (with E.G. West). Public Choice 35, 1980, 607-622.


Also, you can view some of my papers on my SSRN Authorpage: http://ssrn.com/author=75386. and at RePec.  



      Other Useful Links


Curriculum Vitae

·        Full CV

·        Short Biography


Current Course Outlines

·        ECON 5403 - Political Economy   

·        PADM 5111 - Microeconomics for Policy Analysis 

·        PADM 6112 - Policy Processes and Institutions II


Other Connections 

·        Canada Research Chairs Web site: www.chairs.gc.ca

·        Carleton's Home Page

·        School of Public Policy and Administration

·        Department of Economics

·        The MacOdrum Library



The photo here was taken by Amalia Winer in 2008 at the top of the wonderful Juvaara staircase in Palazza Madama, an excellent museum

and art gallery in the central square of Torino Italy. We were spending a happy few months in Torino while I was an ICER fellow.



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Ongoing Research Projects


Selected Working Papers and Published Papers

Curriculum Vitae

Current Course Outlines

Other Connections